E for elephant

The largest land vertebrate on earth, the African elephant weighs up to eight tons. The elephant is distinguished by its large body, massive ears and an extended trunk, that has several uses starting from victimisation it as a hand to choose up objects, as a horn to trumpet warnings, Associate in Nursing arm raised in acknowledgment to a hose for water or bathing.

Asian elephants dissent in many ways that from their African relatives. ar|they're} abundant smaller in size and their ears are straight at rock bottom, in contrast to the big fan-shape ears of the African species. just some Asian male elephants have tusks. All African elephants, as well as females, have tusks. Elephants square measure either left or right-tusked and also the one they use a lot of is typically smaller due to wear and tear. The Asian elephant has four toes on the hind foot and 5 on the animal foot, whereas the African elephant has 3 on the hind foot and 5 on the animal foot.

Led by a matriarch, elephants square measure organized into advanced social structures of females and calves, whereas male elephants tend to measure in isolation. one calf is born to a feminine once each 4-5 years and once a gestation of twenty-two months—the longest of any vertebrate. These calves stick with their mothers for years and are cared for by different females within the cluster.

The two species of elephants—African and Asian—need in depth land to survive. Roaming in herds and intense many pounds of plant matter during a single day, each species of elephant need in depth amounts of food, water and house. As a result, these massive mammals place nice demands on the atmosphere and infrequently acquire conflict with folks in competition for resources.

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