$8.3bn to find a coronavirus vaccine in a jointly signed open letter.


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European leaders have pledged aid for a plan to raise €7.5bn (£6.6bn; $8.3bn) to find a coronavirus vaccine in a jointly signed open letter.

The Brussels-led initiative used to be set out by European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen on Friday.

The promises come ahead of an online pledging convention on Monday.

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson will urge countries to "pull together" to meet "the most urgent shared endeavour of our lifetimes".

Mr Johnson, who spent three nights in intensive care with Covid-19, will also confirm the UK's pledge of £388m for vaccine research, trying out and treatment.

The conference will be co-hosted by the UK, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Norway, Saudi Arabia and the European Commission.

The UN says a return to normal life will solely be possible with a vaccine.
Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are also among those who have signed up to the initiative.

In the open letter posted in weekend newspapers, the leaders said that the funds raised would "kickstart an unprecedented global co-operation between scientists and regulators, enterprise and governments, international organisations, foundations and healthcare professionals".

"If we can develop a vaccine that is produced by the world, for the whole world, this will be a special global public good of the 21st Century," they added.
At the same time, the signatories gave their backing to the World Health Organization in the face of US criticism of its dealing with of the outbreak.

Dozens of research projects trying to find a vaccine are currently under way across the world.

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