China to Restrict Tesla Use by Military and State Employees

China to Restrict Tesla Use by Military and State Employees

The strong and lightweight nature of rare earth magnets, metals and alloys have made them especially valuable in high-tech products. It did not, however, complete the downstream processing needed to produce purified rare earth materials before the company went bankrupt in 2015 because of Chinese competition. Once purified, they can be processed into oxides, phosphors, metals, alloys and magnets that take advantage of these elements' unique magnetic, luminescent or electrochemical properties. The raw ores go through a first round of processing to produce concentrates, which head to another facility where high-purity rare earth elements are isolated. Likewise, companies based in liberal democracies (for example, Germany, France, Israel, Japan, South Korea, the UK, the United States) are actively selling sophisticated equipment to unsavory regimes.

China to Restrict Tesla Use by Military and State Employees - WSJ

The 17 rare earth elements, which cluster near the bottom of the periodic table, play a vital role in several industries: consumer electronics including Apple AirPods and iPhones, green technologies such as General Electric wind turbines and Tesla electric cars, medical tools including Philips Healthcare scanners, and military hardware such as F-35 jet fighters. Recent disclosures that U.S. rare earths mine at Mountain Pass, Calif., would likely become the first place to step up production, Gholz explains. The U.S. The National Institute of Standards and Technology defines cloud computing as a "model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction."77 In basic terms, cloud computing data centers function as the backbone of the internet, instantly storing, communicating, and transporting produced information. The mine's new owner, MP Materials, plans to reactivate and complete the mothballed facility for fresh operation starting in 2020.

China restricting Tesla use uncovers a significant challenge for ...

First, few rules govern access to and the use of image databases (repositories that store captured images from facial recognition cameras). The mine's previous owner, Molycorp, spent approximately $1.5 billion building a new separation facility for producing rare earth concentrates. There is some truth to this argument—a subset of Chinese exports goes directly to countries like Zimbabwe and Venezuela that are gross human rights violators and which would otherwise be unable to access such technology. On the other side of the trade conflict, Xi recently made a politically symbolic visit to one of China's main rare earth mining and processing facilities, and China used tariffs of its own to target a U.S. Rather, transfers are happening in a much more heterogeneous fashion. How governments use this information, how long images are stored, and where authorities obtain such images in the first place are opaque issues and vary by jurisdiction. rare earth mine in California. China is exporting surveillance tech to liberal democracies as much as it is targeting authoritarian markets. 16, 2019: Huawei sold a whole bunch of phones despite the US ban, while a Mate X unboxing video hints at the foldable phone's imminent release. In part, this is because it is exceedingly difficult to determine what specifically governments are doing in the surveillance realm and what the associated impacts are; there is too much that is unknown and hidden.

In the event of a longer Chinese supply interruption, the U.S. Also, Germany caused an uproar with draft network security rules that would let Huawei work on its 5G networks.

The "rare" in the name of this group of elements is actually somewhat misleading; the U.S. law enforcement agencies (the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Immigration and Customs Enforcement) scanned through millions of photos in state driver's license databases without prior knowledge or consent come as little surprise. The United States buys much more from China than it sells to China, so Beijing has fewer options for taxing American goods.

Oct. But AI surveillance is not solely going from one authoritarian country (China) to other authoritarian states. The good news is that there is ample time to initiate a much-needed public debate about the proper balance between AI technology, government surveillance, and the privacy rights of citizens. The vacuum of legal checks and balances has led to a "surveillance-first, ask-permission-later system," Drew Harrell noted in the Washington Post.58

Field-based research involving on-the-ground information collection and verification would be useful to undertake. Such facilities perform complex chemical processes that most commonly involve a procedure called solvent extraction, in which the dissolved materials go through hundreds of liquid-containing chambers that separate individual elements or compounds—steps that may be repeated hundreds or even thousands of times. Microsoft, IBM, Amazon, Huawei, and Alibaba have all established these data centers to facilitate AI operations.

Finally, instances of AI surveillance documented in the index are not specifically tied to harmful outcomes. The index does not differentiate between unlawful and legitimate surveillance. Geological Survey describes them as "relatively abundant in the Earth's crust." But extraction is complicated by the fact that in the ground, such elements are jumbled together with many other minerals in different concentrations. government lists them among minerals deemed critical to the country's economic and national security, and the Trump administration notably exempted rare earth elements from tariffs it imposed on $300 billion worth of Chinese goods. A number of countries—such as Angola, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Hungary, Peru, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, and Turkmenistan—provided circumstantial or anecdotal evidence of AI surveillance, but not enough verifiable data to warrant inclusion in the index.

What Happened: Tesla vehicles had eight surround cameras, 12 ultrasonic sensors, and radar for their autopilot system. The Chinese bestselling Model 3 and Model Y vehicles had a camera installed above the rear-view mirror.

China has responded to American tariffs and sanctions with its own moves, but its actions have not been one for one. But as these technologies become more embedded in governance and politics, the window for change will narrow.

Governments and companies are increasingly storing data in massive off-site locations—known as the cloud—that are accessible through a network, usually the internet.76 Cloud computing is a general use technology that includes everything from turn-by-turn GPS maps, social network and email communications, file storage, and streaming content access. As such, cloud computing is essential to effectively running AI systems. Such political posturing on both sides, however, may overemphasize the world's reliance on China's supply of rare earth elements.

The purpose of the index and working paper is to highlight emergent trends for a technology that is not well understood yet will increasingly shape modern life.

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